Promoting a symbiotic relationship among mining stakeholders

Building bridges among miners, mining communities and relevant stakeholders

Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Forum

The multiple societal and economic challenges faced in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) requires a collaborative approach amongst different mining stakeholders, including actors from the business sphere, public institutions, and civil society organisations. During the first phase of the project, the research team in collaboration with the miners mapped the main ASM stakeholders in Taita Taveta, such as The multiple societal and economic challenges faced in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) requires a collaborative approach amongst different mining stakeholders, including actors from the business sphere, public institutions, and civil society organisations. During the first phase of the project, the research team in collaboration with the miners mapped the main ASM stakeholders in Taita Taveta, such as, workers, landowners, business associations, investors and buyers, mining communities including women and children, non-governmental organisations, religious organisations, trade unions and workers' committees, national and county governments, and inter-governmental organisations Read More...



We established the Multi-stakeholder Dialogue Forum as a platform that gives voice and agency to ASM miners, mining communities and the other stakeholders in the governance of the local natural resources, and in the co-production of a more sustainable mining future in Taita Taveta County.

The forum offers a space for mining stakeholders to:

 Give a voice to miners and their communities;

 Encourage a peer-to-peer dialogue and knowledge exchange among different actors;

 cultivate new as well strengthen existing stakeholder relationships;

 build bridges and improve stakeholders interactions;

 develop a more open and transparent culture for meaningful interactions;

 set their own sustainability agenda and forge meaningful collaborations;

 exchange ideas and good practices towards a more inclusive and responsible ASM sector;

 develop and implement shared solutions to prioritise economic, socio-cultural, environmental and governance challenges in the mining sector in Taita Taveta county.

First Multi-stakeholder Dialogue

The Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Forum (MSDF) on Sustainable Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Taita Taveta County, a first of its kind in the County, was launched on the 2nd October 2020 at the Vacani Resort in Voi. The MSDF's goal is to foster collaboration and partnerships among gemstone mining stakeholders to co-create a more accountable, inclusive and responsible gemstone ASM Sub-sector in Taita Taveta County. Read More...

Second Multi-stakeholder Dialogue

The Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Forum (MSDF) on Sustainable Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Taita Taveta County hosted its second forum on 6th November 2020. In the spirit of exchanging ideas and best practices, the participants discussed in detail the issues facing ASM in Taita Taveta and proposed concrete actions towards the development of a County Sustainable Mining Action Plan for a more inclusive and responsible ASM sub-sector in Taita Taveta County. Read More...

Third Multi-stakeholder Dialogue

We will update you shortly after holding our third multi-stakeholder forum.

First Multi-stakeholder Dialogue

The Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Forum (MSDF) on Sustainable Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Taita Taveta County, a first of its kind in the County, was launched on the 2nd October 2020 at the Vacani Resort in Voi. The MSDF's goal is to foster collaboration and partnerships among gemstone mining stakeholders to co-create a more accountable, inclusive and responsible gemstone ASM Sub-sector in Taita Taveta County.

The mining industry is one of the major economic activities offering employment and income to residents in the gemstone-rich areas of Taita Taveta County. Yet it is characterized by lack of accountability resulting into mistrust; poor resource governance; lack of collaboration among key stakeholders; limited resources; human-wildlife conflict; poor infrastructure; health and wellbeing issues; lack of skills and knowledge on mining techniques, market and financial literacy, value addition among other challenges.

Thirty-five (35) representatives of key mining stakeholders came together to discuss the research findings from data gathered during the Cultural Animations workshops and interviews conducted between November 2019 to March 2020, and deliberate strategies to address the aforementioned sustainability challenges the sector faced. The representatives in attendance included

  National Government:- State Department for Mining Ministry of Petroleum and Mining, Voi Gemstone and Value Addition Centre, Kenya Wildlife Service, and National Environment Management Authority.

  Taita Taveta County Government:- the County Executive Committee (CEC) Mining, and the County Mining Engineer.

 Political Leaders:- Senator and Members of Parliament.

  Non-Governmental Organisation:- ‘Sauti ya Wanawake' (Voice of Women) and Women Land Rights.

  ASM miners and Mining entrepreneurs.

  Mining Business Associations:- Taita Taveta Artisanal Miners Association, Taita Taveta Gemstone Dealers SACCO Ltd, Kenya Chamber of Mines, and Community Based Organizations.

  Academic Institutions:- University of Nottingham (UK) and Taita Taveta University (Kenya).

Key Meeting Outcomes:

  The establishment and endorsement of the Taita Taveta MSDF.

  Setting up of the MSDF Secretariat.

  Nomination of 7 representatives of mining stakeholders in Taita Taveta to constitute the Secretariat. These are institutional representations from

  Academia (i.e. Taita Taveta University, University of Nottingham)

  National Government

  County Government (including County Mining Inspectorate)

  Miners Associations

  Mining Business Associations

  Civil Society Organization (including vulnerable groups)

  Identification and discussion of key mining issues for inclusion in the County Sustainable Mining Action Plan.

Functions of the Taita Taveta Mining Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Forum

  Exchange ideas and best practices towards a more inclusive and responsible ASM Sub-sector.

  Build bridges among miners, mining communities and relevant mining stakeholders.

  Promote a more symbiotic relationship among all mining stakeholders in Taita Taveta County.

  Create an environment for permanent dialogue and collaboration.

  Act as a decision-making body and reach decisions by consensus.

  Co-produce a County Sustainable Mining Action Plan / Blueprint for the ASM Sub-sector in Taita Taveta.

The MSDF Secretariat will

  Convene the MSDF including proposing meetings' agendas and facilitate meetings.

  Steer the MSDF in the co-design of forum rules and procedures.

  Ensure effective dissemination of information generated from the MSDF to artisanal miners and all mining stakeholders.

  Steer the development of a County Sustainable Mining Action Plan / Blueprint that aims at embedding sustainability in the ASM sector.

  Coordinate and monitor the implementation of County Sustainable Mining Action Plan / Blueprint.

  Endeavour to act as a resource centre for ASMs.

  Act as the MSDF's public face.

  Establish a conflict resolution and mediation process.

  Conduct or commission research in support of the operation of the Forum.

Second Multi-stakeholder Dialogue

The Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Forum (MSDF) on Sustainable Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Taita Taveta County hosted its second forum on 6th November 2020. In the spirit of exchanging ideas and best practices, the participants discussed in detail the issues facing ASM in Taita Taveta and proposed concrete actions towards the development of a County Sustainable Mining Action Plan for a more inclusive and responsible ASM sub-sector in Taita Taveta County.

Conflicts over land and mineral resources are commonplace in parts where gemstones are mined in Taita Taveta County. Historically, the local community has expressed their struggles over land rights and mineral resources. To begin to find a joint solution to land concerns, three key stakeholders joined the MSDF: Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), Taita Taveta Wildlife Conservancies Association, and the Taita Taveta Senator who is also a member of the Senate Committee on Lands, Environment and Natural Resources.

These three critical stakeholders joined the conversations on the state of mining in the National Parks and the Ranches in the County. Some key discussion highlights:

  Miners in the National Park were issued with mining permits in the 1970s. Since then, no new entrants have been permitted into the National Parks.

  There is a possibility to mine in the National Parks. However, priority will be given to conservation of other natural resources in instances where gemstones are found.

  There is need to resolve the concern where mining permits in the ranches are given out by the government without due consultations or consideration of the ranch owners.

  The ranchers expressed willingness to allow miners into their ranches but only if the rule of law is followed. Ranchers requested for a meeting with the Regional Mines Officer in order to come up with a policy that allows for mining to take place in their ranches. Ranchers also need to be invited to future mining forums held in the County.

  More open forums to discuss land are necessary. (It was later agreed that a special session on land will be held in the next MSDF meeting to be held on the 4th December 2020).

Key MSDF 2 Outcomes

  The endorsement of the outcomes of the first MSDF deliberations and outcomes. The motion to endorse the outcomes was moved and seconded by two miners.

  Discussion of missing issues, interventions, timelines, identification of resources needed to achieve MSDF objectives, and stakeholders with interests and/or resources.

  Opening a dialogue on the possibility of miners accessing the National Parks and Ranches if the right structures are put in place.

  Identification of stakeholders that ought to be included in the secretariat, in particular from the Ministry of Lands.

  Reiteration on the need to build strong MSDF management and accountability structures.

  MSDF Secretariat to push for the gazettement of the Artisanal Mining Committee (AMC) by the Government of Kenya (Section 94 of Mining Act 2016).

MSDF Stakeholders Roles and Responsibilities

To co-create a more responsible and inclusive ASM sector in Taita Taveta County, all mining stakeholders have a role to play. MSDF members discussed and agreed to:

  Actively participate in all discussions aimed at developing a County Sustainable Mining Action Plan.

  Put forward proposals for improving the mining environment, governance, policies and practices.

  Provide material, financial, intellectual and human resources in the implementation of the County Sustainable Mining Action Plan.

  Discuss, approve and abide by the rules, procedures and internal policies of the MSDF.

  Scrutinize the monitoring and evaluation information by the Secretariat.

  Approve the MSDF's reports and documentation.

  Disseminate information about the Forum's activities and results.

  Provide feedback to each other and to the secretariat.

  Put strong measures in place for collection, control and management of finances; members expected to be accountable

Third Multi-stakeholder Dialogue